Gautama Buddha[note 3] (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama,[note 4] Shakyamuni Buddha,[note 5] or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in the eastern part of ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE.[note 6]
|Known for||Founder of Buddhism|
|Other names||Siddhartha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama, Shakyamuni|
|Born||c. 563 or c. 480 BCE
Lumbini, Shakya Republic (according to Buddhist tradition)[note 1]
|Died||c. 483 or c. 400 BCE (aged 80)
Kushinagar, Malla Republic (according to Buddhist tradition)[note 2]
Gautama taught a Middle Way between sensual indulgence and the severe asceticism found in the śramaṇa movement common in his region. He later taught throughout other regions of eastern India such as Magadha and Kosala.